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Call: 011 - 41587955 / 41587966 Email: jayessworldtravels@gmail.com
jayessworldtravels@rediffmail.com
011 - 41587955 / 41587966
jayessworldtravels@gmail.com
jayessworldtravels@rediffmail.com

Indian Hotels

Egypt – Land of the Pharaohs

Egypt – Land of the Pharaohs TourCode : 1252
Duration  7 Nights / 8 Days
Destination  Egypt
Route  Delhi – Cairo – Aswan – Luxor – Delhi
Best Time To Visit Daily,all year round
egypt2

Egypt

Itinerary

Itinerary

Day 1: Begin Your Tour – Arrive Cairo – Sound & Light Show
Arrive Cairo, check in at the hotel and in the evening, look forward to a dazzling Sound and Light Show at the Giza Pyramids. This spectacular show uses innovative techniques to narrate the history of ancient Egypt with magnificent sound and light effects against the Pyramids as a backdrop. Later enjoy dinner with overnight stay at the hotel in Cairo.

Day 2: In Cairo – Visit To The Pyramids and The Sphinx – Papyrus Institute – Perfume Factory – Jewellery Shop – Egyptian Museum – Khan El Khalili Market – Overnight Train To Aswan
After breakfast Spend the morning at the Great Pyramids of Giza; Cheops – one of the oldest and largest pyramid on the Giza plateau, Chephren and Mykerinos, and the defending Sphinx – one of the most majestic and enduring monuments of Egypt. Next, visit the Papyrus Institute to see the processes and efforts it took to make this ancient form of paper. Also, enjoy the beautiful illustrative Egyptian art and stories painted depicting Egyptian lifestyle and culture. Later, visit the Perfume Factory, where you can demonstration in the art of perfume making. The next stop is at the Jewellery Shop, where you can browse exquisite ornaments and shop to your heart’s content.
In the afternoon, visit the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities, which houses one of the world’s greatest collections of Egyptian artifacts. It boasts of more than 1,36,000 artifacts from over five thousand years of Egyptian history. End the day with a visit to the Khan El Khalili Market – the Cairo’s most important shopping area for souvenirs and all types of typical Egyptian artifacts. Later in the evening, transfer to the railway station to board to Aswan. Dinner and overnight stay in the sleeper train to Aswan.

Day 3: Arrive Aswan – Board The Nile Cruise – Aswan Tour – Optional Excursion To Abu Simbel
On arrival, board your Nile Cruise. After breakfast embark on a sightseeing tour of Aswan. Visit the High Dam, Philae Temple, Unfinished Obelisk. Lunch in the afternoon and, you may have an option for an excursion to Abu Simbel – flanked by the almost as impressive temple of Nefertari the entire site is truly awe – inspiring. Dinner and overnight stay in the cruise.

Day 4: On Cruise – Onto Kom Ombo – Onto Edfu
Today, after breakfast sail to Kom Ombo, the home of Sobek – the crocodile God who was worshipped in pre-dynastic times. Witness the ancient remains of a temple of a somewhat unusual style. In fact, it is a double temple. The right hand temple is the one consecrated to Sobek and the second one is dedicated to Haroeris – the falcon-headed Sky God. This temple was built overlooking the Nile. Continue sailing to Edfu. On arrival, have lunch and take a horse carriage ride to visit the Horus Temple. The best- preserved temple in the whole of Egypt, it has many inscriptions in the Copthic language and is adorned with paintings from that era. Dinner and overnight stay in the Cruise.

Day 5: On Cruise – Onto Luxor – Optional Hot Air Balloon Flight
Today, after breakfast we sail to cross the Esna Lock on the Nile to reach Luxor. Early this morning, you may avail of a 40- minute hot air balloon ride over the West Bank of Luxor viewing the Ramesseum temple, Medinet Habu temple, desert, farm land and in the distance the mighty river Nile. After lunch later, we cross over to the west bank of the Nile River to visit the Valley of the Kings, Hatschepsut Temple and the Colossi of Memnon. Dinner and overnight stay in Luxor.

Day 6: Onto Cairo – East Bank – Overnight train to Cairo
This morning, after breakfast disembark station from your Nile Cruise and visit the Luxor & Karnak Temples on the East Bank of the Nile. Later in the evening, transfer to the railway station to board, have dinner and overnight stay in the sleeper train to Cairo.
Note: Since your sleeper train is later In the evening, you will be provided a day use accommodation.

Day 7: In Cairo -Excursion To Alexandria
Upon arrival in Cairo, have breakfast and embark on a day excursion to Alexandria, with an atmosphere more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern. See the Qaitbay Fortress, Library, the National Museum which houses the pieces recovered in 1995 at the Light – house site. Continue to visit the Montazah Palace, built in a fantastic Turkish – Florentine style in the 19th century, the palace boasts of acres of well planned gardens & overlooks a beautiful beach. The palace comprises of a number of buildings, the most important of which are Al- Haramlek and Al – Salamlek, the summer residence of the former royal family. Dinner and overnight stay at the hotel in Cairo.

Day 8: Departure
After breakfast check out from the hotel and head on to the next destination.

Sightseeing

Egypt is considered the land of ‘sights’ in the popular imagination, and not without good reason—from the pyramids at Giza, the awe-inspiring Sphinx and the monuments liberally littering ancient Thebes, to the underwater explosion of colour in the coral reefs off the Red sea coast.

Egypt’s destinations can be divided into six super-sites—theJMb north coast and the delta area, the upper Nile area, the lower Nile area, the desert and oases, the Sinai and Red Sea area, and Cairo and the surrounding areas.

The north coast has the novelty of pleasant climate even in the summer (it being the Egyptian Mediterranean), and has two main tourist centres—Alexandria and Marsa Matrouh. Alexandria was founded in 332 BC by Alexander (surprise!), and has a long and glorious history as a centre for trade and learning. Today, it is a waterfront town with some pleasant 18th and 19th century colonial buildings.

Marsa Matrouh is being enthusiastically developed by the Egyptian government as a major tourist center, but despite some good beaches (Shatt al-Gharam, Agiba and Ubaiyyad), it has little to offer.

The upper Nile area (which is actually in the south of the country) boasts three very interesting towns, albeit for different reasons.

The city of Luxor is a regular tourist hotspot for the reason most travelers visit Egypt—the sheer grandeur of its well-preserved monuments dating from the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms of ancient Egypt. The best part is that you don’t need to be an Egyptologist or even a history buff to appreciate the beauty of Luxor’s monuments. The temples of Karnak on the east bank of the Nile in the Luxor area are nothing short of spectacular. The west bank holds the Necropolis of the ancient city of Thebes.

The Valley of Kings here is highly recommended, since the tombs there give one a sense of the elaborate way in which ancient Egyptians conceptualized the afterlife. The tombs of Ramses VI, Queen Tawsert/Sethnakt and Tuthmosis III are the most impressive, and are better value for your money than the much-hyped Tutankhamen’s tomb. The tomb of Queen Nefertari allegedly contains the finest wall paintings in all of Egypt.

Aswan, a strikingly attractive and historic town on the Nile, contains a newly excavated town on Elephantine Island, the Unfinished Obelisk, the well-preserved Monastery of St Simeon and the Tombs of the Nobles dating from the Old and Middle kingdom. One activity that is an absolute must when you visit Aswan is taking a felucca ride. The Great Temple of Abu Simbel, about four hours from Aswan, is also worth visiting—it was relocated out of the way of the rising waters of Lake Nasser in the 1960s thanks to UNESCO.

The monuments of the now-submerged island of Philae, now relocated in another island located just south of Aswan are the remaining attractions in the upper Nile area. The main structure is the Temple to Isis, the Egyptian goddess of sexuality and motherhood.

The lower Nile area contains the towns of Beni Hassan (with some extremely interesting tombs dating from the Middle Kingdom located in the limestone cliffs on the outskirts), the town of Hermopolis where the ancient god of wisdom, Thuth, is believed to have laid the cosmic egg which gave birth to the sun god and ultimately, to all of life! The friendly, lively university town of Minya is a good base to travel to the nearby tourist sites or just relax for a day or two.

The Western Desert has become more frequently visited in recent years, since there are some very pleasant oases like Siwa, Kharga, Dakhla, Farafra and the most well-known of them, Bahariyya. Siwa is a relatively well kept tourist secret, and has a charming, unhurried atmosphere, friendly locals, some craft/souvenir shops, and numerous springs where you can bathe. To the north of Kharga is the Temple of Hibis, built by the Persian emperor Darius I. Farafra has little of interest in the town itself, but from here, one can take a day trip to the spectacular White Desert.

The Sinai and Red Sea area contain the three tourist centres of Hurghada - a former fishing village on the Red Sea, and now teeming with facilities for diving and snorkeling; the relatively less developed coastal resort of Sharm el-Shaikh, with gorgeous marine life in the surrounding water, and Mount Sinai, where it is believed that Moses received his Ten Commandments, and a very scenic area. Just a word of caution about the diving—familiarize yourself with the dangers well in advance, and never step on the coral.

Cairo was once the Byzantine city of Babylon—the same as in the song “by the rivers of Babylon…” In 969 AD, the Fatimid rulers captured the reigns of power, to be succeeded by the Mameluks, a slave dynasty. They left behind a warren of districts like Al-Muski, Darb al-Ahmar and Gamaliya. The old-world charm here is palpable, and well worth soaking in. The most impressive structures are the Citadel, the Mosque of Sultan Hassan and one of the largest mosques in the world, the Ibn Tulun. The twin minarets of the Mosque of Mu’ayyad offer great views of the city. The section called Old Cairo is where Babylon once stood—its main attractions are the Coptic Hanging Church and the monastery/church of St Sergius, supposedly built on the place where the biblical Holy Family rested while escaping from King Herod. Memphis borders Cairo and is renowned for the Temple of Ptah, which has within its precincts the Alabaster Sphinx and the gargantuan statue of Rameses II.

Today, Cairo is a lively and tourist-friendly city, with an active cultural scene and a bustling nightlife. The Egyptian Museum is a must-visit, with endless rows of sarcophagi, mummies and other tomb treasures. The Museum is open from 9 am to 5 pm on all days except Friday, when it is closed for a few hours. Students get a 50% discount on entry fee, which is US$6 and an additional US$18 if you want to see the Royal Mummy Room. The Khan al-Khalili is a vast maze of shops in Cairo that offer fantastic opportunities for souvenir hunting. Bargain like crazy!

No monuments is Egypt are visited as much as the Pyramids at Giza and the Sphinx —this is truly the stuff that the glossiest Egyptian tourist brochures are made of! The three pyramids are devoted to the father-son-grandson trio of Cheops, Cephren and Mycerinus. The first two are the most impressive. Entry to the pyramid grounds costs US$6.

Egyptologists and archeologists differ over the exact significance of the Sphinx (known in Arabic as ‘Abu al-Hol’ or the ‘father of terror’) in Egyptian culture, but there is no doubting the sheer grandeur of the figure. The nightly sound and light performances at the Sphinx give you a vivid picture of how life in its heyday must have been. The Solar Boat Museum near the pyramids is also worth visiting.

The former Pharaonic capital of Memphis lies in ruins 24 km south of Cairo, and its main attraction is a statue of Ramses II. The site of Saqqara, a few kilometers from Memphis, contains numerous pyramids, temples and tombs, including the Step Pyramid of Zoser.

Shopping

Egypt can be a shopper’s delight – exquisite carpets, typical Egyptian historical reproductions and artifacts (the best ones are found in Luxor and Aswan), papyrus wall hangings, dates and dry fruits, spices and prayer beads, colourful fabric and clothes, fabulous jewellery. Its an endless list.

The cities have their own quaint bazaars, the most famous of which is the Khan-el- Khalili in Cairo. Walk down the crowded lanes and do the expected thing – bargain your way through quaint shops selling a host of quaint dreams. This trip is not just a shopping experience – savour the flavours of a different world. At the modern shopping malls you can shop in airconditioned comfort and pick up wall hangings and the famous Egyptian rugs and carpets among other things.

Shopping hours – remember the summer siesta.

Summers : 9 am to 12.30 pm and then 4 pm to 8 pm Saturdays through Thursdays. Winters : 9 am to 7 pm daily

Eating Joints

Finding food at any time should not be any problem at all in Cairo. The average Egyptian enjoys his/her snacks and meals and you should be able to do the same, provided you are at least a little experimental. Middle Eastern food like Ta’amiya, chawarma and fuul is readily available, and Cairo also offers a good representation of world cuisine.

For entertainment, you should definitely attend a Sufi dance (known as the raqs ash-sharqi) performed every Wednesday and Friday) at the Madrassa of Al-Ghouri in Islamic Cairo. Sufism is a Muslim mystical order that believes in and direct communication with god through means such as ecstatic singing and dancin. There are also quite a few good cinemas.

 

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